Much like the women’s liberation movement and the civil rights movement for ethnic minorities, the disabilities rights movement sought equal access, opportunity, consideration and basic human respect and dignity for those born blind, deaf, or with other forms of physical or mental disability. As a result of the movement which spans nearly 200 years, the ostracism and the fringe living which characterized life for people with disabilities in the early 1800s has given way to a society of better accommodation and inclusion. Still, battles are continually fought for full access.
While the exact origin of the disability rights movement can be debated, some historians concur that the movement began in 1817 when The American School of the Deaf launched in Hartford, Connecticut as the very first educational institution to use sign language and cater people with disabilities. The goal of the school was not only to educate but to foster self-reliance. Other key events of the movement included the start of the New England Asylum for the Blind in 1829, the introduction of Braille in 1832, the first patent for a wheelchair issued in 1869 and government-authorized compensation for disabled workers in 1911. Moments like the establishment of the National Employ the Handicapped Week in 1945, the Hill-Burton Act of 1946 which provided federal aid for rehabilitation, the creation of Social Security Disability Insurance in 1950, and Air Carrier Access Act of 1986 which guaranteed people with disabilities could no longer be banned from flights are also pivotal developments.
Outsiders believe the movement peaked with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990. Despite these achievements and many more, however, contemporary rights battles continue over full and convenient access to government facilities and housing. Efforts to cultivate more disabilities rights attorneys and legal backing is a major push of current advocates as lawyers are essential for fighting court battles over education and public rights violations. The current disability rights movement is also centered on advancements in technology and robotics to provide speech, hearing and visual aids as well as the push for better health care, particularly for children with disabilities.
A Chronology of the Disability Rights Movement
- A Chronology of the Disability Rights Movements: Parents United Together, an organization for people with disabilities offers a thorough timeline on the major events of the disability rights movement.
- Timeline from the Museum of Disability History: A time line dating back to 400 B.C. with pictures detailing the disability history.
- Timeline: This site chronicles key events in the disability rights movement, including the fact that an original signer of the Declaration of Independence had cerebral palsy.
- Disability Rights Movement Timeline: The Federal Transit Authority offers a comprehensive timeline on the disability movement.
- Disability History Timeline: A great timeline of disability history from Temple University.
- The Disability Rights and Independent Living Movement Timeline: An easy to ready timeline about the disability movement and independent living movement
- A Chronology of the Disability Rights Movement: An in depth historical record of the disability movement.
Additional Disability Information
- Audio and Video History from Ancient Times to Present: This interactive timeline traces the history of disability and society’s reaction to it, beginning with how Greeks viewed people with disabilities as inferior.
- The Disability Rights Movement: The Smithsonian Museum of American History offers an online tutorial on the disability rights movement.
- Disability Museum: This online museum depicts how people with disabilities fought against being characterized as freaks, helpless people, and circus entertainment. Includes notes on the efforts of Helen Keller and the March of Dimes.
- Independent Living History: This site examines the evolution of social conditions and provisions for people with disabilities, with a spotlight on independent living and adaptation.
- Disability History Museum: A great site featuring a disability museum, library, and education section.
- How Media Chronicled the Evolution of Disability Rights: This site looks at the media’s role in shaping the public’s view of disability rights.
- Resources on Disability Rights: This is a list of resources on disability rights.